There are three active, licensed low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities in what the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) calls Agreement States.
These are states that have taken responsibility for the management and disposal of nuclear waste generated within their borders as well as neighboring states. Many of the orphan sources that turn up in the scrap metals stream eventually end up in one of three dump sites
•?EnergySolutions' operation in Barnwell, S.C., once took all low-level irradiated waste for all states except the so-called Agreement States that are part of the NRC's Rocky Mountain and Northwest compacts. Beginning in 2008, however, the Barnwell operation limited its acceptance of nuclear waste to Connecticut, New Jersey and South Carolina.
•?American Ecology Corp. in Richland, Wash., accepts waste from the Northwest and Rocky Mountain compacts. Richland is licensed by the State of Washington.
•?EnergySolutions' operation in Clive, Utah, accepts waste from all regions of the United States. Clive is licensed by the State of Utah.