There are three active, licensed low-level radioactive waste
disposal facilities in what the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
(NRC) calls Agreement States.
These are states that have taken responsibility for the
management and disposal of nuclear waste generated within their
borders as well as neighboring states. Many of the orphan
sources that turn up in the scrap metals stream eventually end
up in one of three dump sites
•?EnergySolutions' operation in Barnwell, S.C., once
took all low-level irradiated waste for all states except the
so-called Agreement States that are part of the NRC's Rocky
Mountain and Northwest compacts. Beginning in 2008, however,
the Barnwell operation limited its acceptance of nuclear waste
to Connecticut, New Jersey and South Carolina.
•?American Ecology Corp. in Richland, Wash., accepts
waste from the Northwest and Rocky Mountain compacts. Richland
is licensed by the State of Washington.
•?EnergySolutions' operation in Clive, Utah, accepts
waste from all regions of the United States. Clive is licensed
by the State of Utah.