The AMM Steel Hall of
Fame is pleased to announce its Class of 2012 inductees: five
distinguished individuals who pioneered, developed or furthered
the practices, strategies and interests of the steel
C. Graham, Father
William T. Hogan, Irving
Rossi and John
B. Tytus, selected after a rigorous nomination process and
review by the Steel Hall of Fame voting committee, are profiled
on the following pages. We believe they are a truly outstanding
group of industry notables.
Earlier this year, we inducted
the inaugural class to the AMM Steel Hall of Fame: Sir
Henry Bessemer, Andrew Carnegie, Judge Elbert H. Gary,
Yoshihiro Inayama, F. Kenneth Iverson, Willy Korf, Park
Tae-joon and Charles M. Schwab, who were profiled in our March
issue. Among the fledgling Steel Hall of Fames members,
of which there are now 13, only Graham is still living, and we
offer a special profile of him.
To be eligible for entry, a
candidate must be retired from full-time active participation
in the industry. AMM is proud to recognize the great
achievers of the steel industry and celebrate their work at
AMM.com. Over time, we expect to find a physical hall
to host a permanent exhibit, but in the meantime a roving
exhibit at a selection of AMM industry conferences
will depict the work of these great pioneers.
The launch of the Steel Hall of Fame this year coincides
with the 130th anniversary of AMM. Additional
inductees will be announced in future issues.
Luigi Danieli took a small, family owned
company manufacturing steel mill equipment and used it to
transform the global industry, developing new tools and
techniques that ultimately made mini-mills the most efficient
steel producers in the world. His introduction of the electric
furnace-conticaster-rolling mill production route
revolutionized the manufacture of steel in the 1970s and 1980s,
and his influence is still felt at Danieli Corp., which today
spans five continents.
Danieli installed its
first mini-mill package in Germany in 1964, at the same time
that the company was installing its first continuous caster for
Italys Riva Group. By 1977, Danieli would install its first
complete steel mill for a customer in East Germany.
Luigi Danieli was a
strong believer in collaborative management. During the early
1980s, the company supplied numerous turnkey plants to
customers in the United States, East Asia, North Africa and the
former Soviet Union. Luigi Danieli became an ambassador to the
global mini-mill industry, and his continued championing of
large-scale investment in research and development made the
company a world leader in providing plants for producing
commercial long products.
Luigi Danieli passed away in 1993, but the company he had
made synonymous with the manufacture of rolling and casting
equipment for mini-mills worldwide was in good hands. During
his tenure at the helm of Danieli, Luigi Danieli had overseen
the erection of steel mills in 27 countries. By 1986, the
company had either designed, built or manufactured equipment
for about half of the 250 mini-mills that were then operating
around the worldan unparalleled achievement.
At the ripe young age of 47and fresh out of an
advanced management program at Harvard University Thomas C.
Graham was named president of Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.
(J&L) in 1974. When Graham took the reins at J&L, the
company was a mediocre, mid-range performer. Ten years later,
the difference was dramatic and his imprint unmistakable: a
merger with Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. went smoothly, the
installation of two continuous casters at the Indiana Harbor
plant had introduced the companys flat-rolled carbon steel
business to the efficiency inherent in the revolutionary new
technology, and the acquisition of Crucible Steel Co.s Midland
plant breathed new life into J&Ls stainless
Graham departed a newly
invigorated J&L in 1983 to restructure the troubled steel
business at U.S. Steel Corp. at the invitation of then chairman
and chief executive officer David Roderick. On Grahams arrival
at U.S. Steel, finished products were being shipped at a rate
of 8.0 man-hours per ton. At his retirement in 1991, that
measure had been sliced to 4.0 man-hours per ton and U.S. Steel
had become a profitable steel company.
In 1992, he took the
battered helm of Armco Steel Co. When Graham landed at Armco
Steel, the company was losing $50 per ton on shipments in
contrast to industry average operating earnings of $20 per ton.
Graham retired from AK Steel, a new public company forged under
his watch, in 1997.
Graham, a founding member
of consulting firm TC Graham Associates, has lost none of his
appetiteor flairfor troubleshooting ailing mills, not a few of
which the smiling barracuda hints he would love to sink his
teeth into today.
William T. Hogan
Father William T. Hogan was a pack rat. He
started collecting materials on the global iron and steel
industry as a young Jesuit priest, and by the time he died some
50 years later he had amassed an unparalleled collection of
materials. He left the collection to Fordham University in New
York City, where he spent half a century teaching. The index
alone to the more than 130 boxes of materialsknown as the Hogan
Steel Archivesconsists of a single-spaced 196-page
The Steel Priest was
perhaps the best-known iron and steel economist of his time,
and his books are still widely read by industry executives and
scholars. He earned his bachelors and masters degrees in
economics at Fordham, and he was ordained as a Jesuit priest in
the 1940s. After several years of religious formation, Hogan
rejoined Fordhams economics department in 1956. He founded
Fordhams Industrial Economics Research Institute and used it as
a platform to develop a research and teaching program in
Hogan retired from
teaching in 2001. He died the following year at the age of 82,
having never lost the common touch.
Irving Rossi worked as an investment banker
and an engineer, but hes best remembered for bringing
continuous casting to the American steel industry. His efforts,
which built on the work done by John B. Tytus at American
Rolling Mill Co. (later known as Armco) in the 1920s to perfect
automatic rolling mills, made the nations steel industry among
the worlds most productive.
In the mid-1950s, Rossi
and his partner, Heinrich Tanner, co-founded Concast AG in
Zurich, Switzerland, and Concast Inc. in the United States to
develop continuous casting in the steel industry. Concast
captured as much as 60 percent of the worlds continuous casting
business during the 1970s and 1980s. The company built the
first caster installed at Ken Iversons flagship Nucor Corp.
mill in Darlington, S.C., as well as at Willy Korfs Georgetown
Steel in Georgetown, S.C.
Irving Rossi, who was 72 years old when he sold Concast,
found it impossible to retire. In 1972, he started Irving Rossi
& Co., an investment banking firm that Rossi ran until he
was in his mid-80s. In 1990, Rossi was recognized by the
Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, a predecessor to the
Association of Iron and Steel Technology, which honored him
with the first Tadeusz Sendzimir Memorial Medal for Excellence
in Steel. He died of heart failure at his home in Harding
Township, N.J., in 1991 at the age of 101.
John Butler Tytus earned his
place in the AMM Steel Hall of Fame for his invention of the
first workable wide-strip continuous rolling process for making
steel. Tytus was a rising executive at American Rolling Mill
Co.later known as Armco, the forerunner of AK Steel Corp.when
his introduction of the wide-strip continuous rolling mill at
the companys new works at Ashland, Ky., in 1924 revolutionized
the manufacturing of steel and gave the industry the ability to
serve the fast-growing automobile assembly sector with
Tytus grew up in the pulp
and paper industry. He was particularly fascinated with the
Fourdrinier paper machine, which was the heart of his familys
mill. Tytus always remembered how the Fourdrinier machines made
paper rolls and he vowed that the job of rolling sheet steel
would be automated.
American Rolling Mill
showed its appreciation to the English major from Yale by
naming Tytus vice president in 1927, and the American Iron and
Steel Institute awarded the inventor of the continuous rolling
mill the Gary Memorial Award for his landmark contribution to
the iron and steel industry.
Tytus died of a heart
attack on June 2, 1944, at the age of 68.