NEW YORK AK Steel Corp. has announced plans to raise base prices for all carbon flat-rolled steel products by $40 per ton ($2 per hundredweight), the first domestic steelmaker to hike published prices in the new year but leaving some buyers skeptical as to whether the attempted increase would hold.
The West Chester, Ohio-based steelmakers increase, announced Jan. 21 and effective immediately (amm.com, Jan. 22), followed weeks of speculation that a sheet increase was in the works.
AK Steel did not give a reason for the move in announcing the hike, but market participants speculated that it was looking to stymie a recent softening in domestic sheet prices amid sluggish demand from many end-use sectors (amm.com, Jan. 16).
"I think the mills will all follow suit. At the levels before, the mills were selling at cost or at least really close to it," one mill source said. "I think with everything going on around the worldiron ore up, scrap up, etc.it seems to me that now is the time for the U.S. to move prices up."
Buyers last week reported average hot-rolled coil purchases at $620 per ton ($31 per cwt) f.o.b. Midwest mill, with some citing discounts for larger volumes, down from early January prices of around $630 per ton ($31.50 per cwt).
"I dont think its a bad time to put a price increase out there because its a signal of how mills arent making any money," the mill source said. "Everyone is just waking up now."
While AMM was not aware of other pricing announcements as of late afternoon Jan. 22, market participants agreed that other mills would need to jump on board for the increase to take hold.
"In theory, the mills have the same desire to get their prices up. I would hope that most people want to see the price go up," a buyer said.
But while market players said the move made sense as mills try to boost their margins, some players are doubtful the increase will stick, given lackluster demand and short lead times.
"The price hike is wishful thinking. Maybe its their indication that they dont want to go lower than what they have. All the mills right now are looking for orders, so were on a slippery slope," a second buyer said. "Things are so volatile right now. Its the wild, wild West out there."
The first buyer agreed. "At the end of the day, if lead times dont push up and order books dont get filled, it will be impossible to implement the increase. Its a little lackluster out there and the mills have a lot of challenges. Well see how this thing shakes out."
On the import side, traders said the price hike would probably do little to encourage activity.
"Theres not much available offshore right now. Prices from Europe have been going up a bit. And comparing domestic prices, theres not enough price differential to demand and justify imports right now," one trader said. I dont think itll do very much for us, but its good for the market overall."