Chinas stepped-up enforcement of existing regulations on
solid waste imports, known as Operation Green Fence, has made
it virtually impossible to ship shredded nonferrous
sensor-sorted scrap to Chinese ports, several export sources
The material, commonly
referred to as zurik, is comprised mainly of stainless steel,
insulated copper wire, aluminum, copper, lead, magnesium,
nickel, tin and zinc, in elemental or alloyed (solid) form,
according to the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries.
"Before Green Fence,
we were exporting a good amount of zurik to China every month,"
one exporter said. "Now, with the restrictions in place, we
have been exploring new markets for the materialnamely in
eastern Asia and Europe."
The exporter declined
to offer further details on the specific countries accepting
shipments of zurik. "I would rather not say where the material
is going at this point," he said.
"Over the past 20 days
we have witnessed heightened scrutiny of some of the
lower-grade materialballasts, lead-coated copper cable,
low-recovery breakage items. People are having major issues
with getting this type of material accepted at port," a second
"My CCIC (China
Certification & Inspection Co.) inspector has been raking
me over the coals, specifically on zurik," a third exporter
said. "His aggressiveness on anything that could possibly
contain a circuit board has been unprecedented. The other day
he did three separate inspections on a single load of zurik.
Things have become super strict in a hurry."