NEW YORK Turkey
is ramping up efforts to boost domestic collections of ferrous
scrap in order to reduce its dependence on scrap imports,
according to the Turkish Iron and Steel Producers
The country remains
the worlds largest importer of ferrous scrap, and though
that scenario is unlikely to change for some years, the Turkish
government and steel industry will look to boost domestic scrap
collections and processing through measures like incentives,
said Veysel Yayan, general secretary of the trade
AMM on the sidelines of the recent Steel Success
Strategies XXVIII conference in New York, Yayan said that the
country has already made some progress in improving flows from
domestic scrap companies directly into steel mills.
"Now there are big
scrap collectors," he said, citing incentives from the Turkish
government that have helped improve scrap collections in the
country over the past five years. "Theyre collecting,
processing and delivering to the steel producers."
Namik Ekinci, chairman
of the Turkish Steel Exporters Association, called it a
work in progress but said the efforts have delivered some
positive results to date.
with the government on (how to improve domestic scrap
generation and collection). In different parts of Turkey, there
will be (better) scrap collection," Ekinci told
Yayan said several
international scrap companies have also set up collection
facilities in Turkey with more recyclers from Europe expected
to establish Turkish collection and processing bases in the
and incentives triggered the "more intensive" collection of
scrap in Turkey, he said. "The rate of scrap collection
increased from 22 percent to 30.2 percent during the past five
years. The domestic scrap volume is now at around 10 million
(tonnes), and its increasing every year," he said.
The country hopes that
current measures will push domestic scrap collection rates to
around 40 percent in the next year or two, he added.
Turkey will take a
two-pronged approach to reduce its reliance on scrap imports,
the executives said. In addition to improving domestic scrap
recycling, Turkeys mills have also increased their
interest in scrap alternates.
"Were willing to
look at additional inputs, such as HBI (hot-briquetted iron),
pellets, alternate irons, steel nuggets and existing
non-utilized iron ore reserves," Yayan said.
Discussions are also
underway on projects aimed at improving the purity of iron ore
produced in Turkey, he said.
"Some projects (on
alternate irons) are under consideration. There are some steel
nugget projects (and) some to increase of the purity of the
iron ore. (Purity) is at around 40 to 45 percent today.
Theyre trying to increase it to 60 to 65 percent," he
Ekinci noted that
Turkish mill will consume domestic alternates "as long as
theyre economically viable."
At the same time, some Turkish companies are studying the
feasibility of partnerships with other countries that have
available raw material resources, Ekinci said.