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Table of contents

Jan 13, 2021 | 02:47 PM |

Interview with O’Neal Industries’ Holman Head; Outlook for base metals, aluminium, steel and EU rail in 2021; Q&A with Rusal CEO Evgenii Nikitin; Growing use of automotive aluminium extrusions; Industrial minerals - Chromite, magnesia and graphite flake markets; Debate around trade in Indian iron ore; Technologies for high-quality steel output as the shift towards EAF-based production continues; Additive manufacturing trends; Fastmarkets expert base metal, steel and steelmaking raw material market analysis, news reviews, innovations and end-user regulars


Page 16

Cover story

O’Neal Industries’ Holman Head recalls big growth in the business and identifies trends

Outlook for 2021

Page 24

Boom or bust for base metals in 2021?

While the US presidential election provided some certainty, the Covid-19 pandemic still creates volatility

Page 27

Demand growth looks set to support SHFE aluminium

The Shanghai Futures Exchange aluminium price looks set to maintain its upward momentum

Page 30

Green aluminium is now a focal point of the market Aluminium production that generates less carbon emissions and demonstrates sustainable supply has become a focus

Page 31

China’s raw material policies loom over global steel markets

China’s raw material policies have international repercussions

Page 32

Will EU rail investments be able to stay on track?

Stimulated by regional development, many rail infrastructure projects are being funded in the EU

Page 38

Severstal enhances client services and experience

Russia’s major steelmaker Severstal is bringing B2C levels of service to its business


Page 40

Rusal strategy and outlook

Rusal CEO Evgenii Nikitin outlines the company’s responses to the challenges and opportunities arising last year and for the future

Page 44

Extrusions’ key roles in the automotive sector Senior Hydro executives discuss the car industry’s transition to electric vehicle production and the key roles for extrusions

Industrial minerals

Page 48

Curbs to ease magnesia oversupply in China Tighter controls on mining activity and strict environmental regulations have eased oversupply of magnesia in China

Page 51

Chromite market’s uncertain footing Multiple push and pull factors continue to affect supply and demand

Page 53

Freight rate hikes squeeze traders

The recent surge in container freight costs and limited cargo space are disrupting trade flows

Page 54

The perils and merits of “fake flake” graphite

“Fake flake” graphite sold as genuine material has increasingly been reported, but what are its risks and benefits?

Iron ore

Page 56

India’s iron ore debate continues

Arguments made by India’s steelmakers and miners about the best policies for the country’s iron ore have become vigorous


Page 59

Technology spotlight: EAF vs. BOF for high-quality steel production

As EAF-based steelmaking grows in use, by what means can the highest steel qualities be achieved?

Page 64

End-user spotlight: Additive manufacturing

Metal components made by using additive manufacturing technologies are taking market share from traditional methods

Page 66

ICD Group creates new 3D printing business Strategic metals company ICD Group has launched ICD Applied Technologies in the UK

News and analysis

Page 8

Non-ferrous news review

A summary of recent key developments in the international non-ferrous industries

 Page 10

Steel news review

A round-up of important recent developments in the global iron and steel sectors

Page 14

Base metals and steel analysis

Fastmarkets research analysts study the drivers of the base metals, steel and steel raw materials markets


Page 7


Reassessing the outlook

 Page 69


New developments in steel and metals technology, processes and products

 Page 70


Advances and market developments in applications